Hybrid vs Native

It has been a while since my iOS native development. Just came across this report on the subject of native vs hybrid : Native vs Hybrid . Interestingly enough I have expected clear recommendation for hybrid as today devices are more capable of handling rich HTML/JavaScript content and iOS native bridges enable nice integrations with these two worlds.

Declarative vs. imperative mismatch

Notes from Jenkov.com : http://tutorials.jenkov.com/angularjs/critique.html about AngularJS Declarative vs Imperative. Couldn’t say this better…the art is to find right balance. Neither XAML , nor AngularJS found it yet (too declarative):

Quoted from the source:

Using declarative HTML templates with a bit of data binding injected is not a new idea. It has been tried before in JSP (JavaServer Pages). Here is an example:


In AngularJS it would look like this:


The Declarative / Imperative Paradigm Mismatch

Declarative languages (such as HTML and XML) are good a modeling state such as documents, or the overall composition of a GUI. Imperative languages (such as JavaScript, Java, C etc.) are good a modeling operations. The syntaxes of both declarative and imperative languages were designed to support their specific purposes. Therefore, when you try to use a declarative language to mimic imperative mechanisms it may work for simple cases, but as the cases get more advanced the code tend to become clumsy

The same is true the other way around. Using an imperative language will often also get clumsy. Anyone who has tried writing an HTML document using JavaScript’s document.write() function, or wired up a Java Swing GUI using Java, or an SWT GUI for that matter, knows how clumsy this code can get.

It is easy to think that the declarative / imperative mismatch can be avoided with a programming language that is designed to handle both paradigms. But the problem goes deeper than the language syntax.

It is not the syntax of a programming language that decides if the language is declarative or imperative. It is the semantic meaning of what the language describes that decides between declarative and imperative. You could invent a more Java-like syntax to describe HTML elements. Or a more HTML-like syntax to describe Java instructions. But such syntaxes would not change the fact that one language describes state (HTML documents) and the other language describe commands (operations). Thus, a Java-like syntax for describing HTML documents would still be declarative, and a more HTML-like syntax for describing Java-operations would still be imperative.


WebGL polyline tessellation with MapBox-GL-JS

update 09/20015 : test of tesspathy.js library here . Other sources to look:

  1.  http://mattdesl.svbtle.com/drawing-lines-is-hard
  2.  https://github.com/mattdesl/extrude-polyline
  3. https://forum.libcinder.org/topic/smooth-thick-lines-using-geometry-shader

*** original post ***

This post attempted to use pixi.js tessellation of the polyline, this time let’s look on how mapbox-gl-js can do this. In short much more better than pixi.js.

it took slightly more time to get the right routines from mapbox-gl-js and find-out where the tessellation is calculated and drawn. It is actually on two places – in LinBucket.js  and in line shader. FireFox shader editor helped a lot to simplify and extract needed calculations and bring it into the JavaScript (for simplification, note however that shader based approach is the right one as you can influence dynamically thickness of lines, while having precaluclated mesh means each time you need to change thickness of line you have to recalculate whol e mesh and update buffers )


// — module require mockups so we can use orig files unmodified
 module = {};
 reqMap = {
‘./elementgroups.js’: ‘ElementGroups’,
‘./buffer.js’ : ‘Buffer’
require = function (jsFile) { return eval(reqMap[jsFile]); };


   &lt;!-- all mapbox dependency for tesselation of the polyline --&gt;
 &lt;script src=&quot;http://www.sumbera.com/gist/js/mapbox/pointGeometry.js&quot;&gt;&lt;/script&gt;
    &lt;script src=&quot;http://www.sumbera.com/gist/js/mapbox/buffer.js&quot;&gt;&lt;/script&gt;
    &lt;script src=&quot;http://www.sumbera.com/gist/js/mapbox/linevertexbuffer.js&quot;&gt;&lt;/script&gt;
    &lt;script src=&quot;http://www.sumbera.com/gist/js/mapbox/lineelementbuffer.js&quot;&gt;&lt;/script&gt;
    &lt;script src=&quot;http://www.sumbera.com/gist/js/mapbox/elementgroups.js&quot;&gt;&lt;/script&gt;
    &lt;script src=&quot;http://www.sumbera.com/gist/js/mapbox/linebucket.js&quot;&gt;&lt;/script&gt;
    &lt;script src=&quot;http://www.sumbera.com/gist/data/route.js&quot; charset=&quot;utf-8&quot;&gt;&lt;/script&gt;
 // -- we don't use these buffers, override them later, just set them for addLine func
 var bucket = new LineBucket({}, {
 lineVertex: (LineVertexBuffer.prototype.defaultLength = 16, new LineVertexBuffer()),
 lineElement: (LineElementBuffer.prototype.defaultLength = 16, new LineElementBuffer())

var u_linewidth = { x: 0.00015 };
// override .add to get calculated points
LineVertexBuffer.prototype.add = function (point, extrude, tx, ty, linesofar) {
    point.x = point.x + (u_linewidth.x * LineVertexBuffer.extrudeScale * extrude.x * 0.015873);
    point.y = point.y + (u_linewidth.x * LineVertexBuffer.extrudeScale * extrude.y * 0.015873);
    verts.push( point.x, point.y);
    return this.index;

// — pass vertexes into the addLine func that will calculate points

prototype  code posted here


TypeScript: Bringing Sanity to JavaScript

Great summary of the TypeScript features…

Didactic Code

TypeScriptAs much as I’d prefer to be working in F#, I’ve found myself doing quite a bit of JavaScript lately. I’m hardly a JavaScript expert but I like to think my skills areabove average(although that could merely be wishful thinking).I won’t deny that JavaScript has its problems but I think that it has traditionally been maligned by things that aren’t necessarily the language’s fault; for instance, DOM inconsistencies are hardly under JavaScript’scontrol. Generally speaking, I really do enjoy working with JavaScript. That said, there are things such as prototypal inheritance that I always struggle with and I know I’m definitely not alone. That’s why I decided to take a look at TypeScript now that it has finally earned a 1.0 moniker.

By introducingarrow function expressions, static typing, and class/interface based object-oriented programming, TypeScript bringssanity to JavaScript’s more troublesome areas and gently guides us to writing manageable code using familiar paradigms…

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