D3 can plot map in various projections, however do not expect to get same set of (overlapping) functionality as Leaflet or OpenLayers. D3 can extend these mapping frameworks. For OL3 simple example is here for Leaflet, my favourite is hexbins or check my own experiment here.
While D3 is kind of ‘base’ charting library (lot of utility functions, helpers) , there is upper , high level library too that can provide lot of ‘boilerplate’ for common charts. Here comes great news: